The Xinjiang region, the largest Chinese administrative division, is home to detention centres or re-education camps for Muslim minorities officially established to tackle Islamic extremism or fundamentalism. First kept a secret and firmly denied, Chinese authorities have officially recognized these detention centres amid growing rumours over their existence. These camps apparently hold over one million detainees, most of them from the Uighur ethnic group which make up 45% of the population of the region. Considered an “anti-halal” campaign, human rights activists are concerned about the abuses taking place in these centres.
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